HIV Journal | ISSN: 2455-3786

Volume 3 Issue 1 - 2016

Open Access Article Type: Review article

Laboratory Algorithm in HIV Infection Diagnosis

AIDS caused by HIV is an infection disease which was defined firstly in the USA in 1981. Since then, number of AIDS patients has increased continuously. About 36.9 million people are living with HIV around the world. Approximately 15 million people living with HIV were receiving antiretroviral therapy.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000018

Open Access Article Type: Opinion

Using Participatory Research to Work With Women from Ethnic Minorities at Risk for HIV Living In Industrialized Countries

The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the utility of participatory approaches for working with ethnic minority women at risk of contracting HIV living in industrialized countries. The literature suggests that these women's sexual risk behaviors should be analyzed taking into account in the social context that reduces their power to negotiate condom use.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000017

Volume 2 Issue 2 - 2015

Open Access Article Type: Research Article

Drug Resistance Testing in HIV Infected Individuals on Treatment and Naive: Implications on Treatment Outcome

Background: The Government of Kenya started offering ART in the public sector since 2003. Despite the dramatic reduction in AIDS related morbidity and mortality, the emergence and spread of drug resistance (DR) threatens to negatively impact on treatment regimens and compromise efforts to control the epidemic. Therefore, there is a need for information on the situation of DR Mutations (DRMS) and their implications on treatment.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000016

Open Access Article Type: Research Article

Burden of HIV Infection in Children with Severe Acute Malnutrition at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital Gwagwalada, Nigeria

Background: Human Immunodeficiency Virus pandemic has adversely affected the nutritional status of many children in the sub region, an area where malnutrition is also endemic. The study was aimed at assessing the burden of HIV infection among under five with severe acute malnutrition, determine its common forms, the outcomes and associated co-morbidities.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000015

Open Access Article Type: Research Article

First and Second Line Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy Failure in HIV Infected Nigerian Children at University of Abuja Teaching Hospital Gwagwalada, Nigeria

Background: In high-income countries, viral load is routinely used for monitoring HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy for early detection of drug failure. This is not the case in most resource limited settings like ours where only WHO immunological and clinical criteria are used for monitoring. This study is aimed at determining the rate/time of failure to 1st and 2nd antiretroviral drugs in children in our centers.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000014

Open Access Article Type: Review Article

Nutritional Supplementation in HIV-Infected Children: A Review

The nutritional status of HIV-infected children in terms of anthropometric indices and micronutrient concentrations is commonly compromised. Malnutrition is a risk factor for mortality at initiation of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). The role of HAART is pivotal in the management of HIV-infected children. Treatment with HAART has been shown to decrease mortality and improve CD4 counts and reduce viral load.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000013

Open Access Article Type: Short Communication

Pseudomembranous Candidiasis Indicates High Level Drug Resistance among Patients on Antiretroviral Treatment in Nairobi East District, Kenya

Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine antiretroviral drug resistance patterns in patients on long-term antiretroviral therapy presenting with OPC.
Methods: An exploratory survey was performed among HIV-infected patients on ART for minimum of 24 months presenting with OPC in Nairobi, Kenya.

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000012

Open Access Article Type: Review Article

Adherence to Early Infant Diagnosis Testing Algorithm, a Challenge to Early Infant Diagnosis Program in Resource Limited Settings of Uganda

Introduction: Early Infant Diagnosis (EID) targeting HIV exposed infants, happens over a period of time (6 weeks up to 18months), and employs different testing technologies at different testing time points. Being a process that is implemented over time and employing different testing technologies, a testing algorithm was designed to ensure reliable final diagnosis. This study was set out to estimate the level of adherence to the testing algorithm. .

Readmore... DOI: 10.17352/2455-3786.000011

Follow us on Academia.edu