Sequential method conformal mappings
ISSN: 2689-7636
Annals of Mathematics and Physics
Short Communication       Open Access      Peer-Reviewed

Sequential method conformal mappings

Soninbayar Jambaa*

Department of Applied Mathematics, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia
*Corresponding authors: Soninbayar Jambaa, Department of Applied Mathematics, School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia, E-mail: ;
Received: 13 September, 2023 | Accepted: 03 October, 2023 | Published: 04 October, 2023
Keywords: Conformal mapping methods; Dynamic systems

Cite this as

Jambaa S (2023) Sequential method conformal mappings. Ann Math Phys 6(2): 154-155. DOI: 10.17352/amp.000095

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© 2023 Jambaa S. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

The well-known, very important Schwarz–Christoffel integral does not yet completely solve the problem of mapping a half-plane onto a predetermined polygon. This integral includes parameters (inverse images of the polygon), the relationship of which with the lengths of the edges of the polygon is not known in advance. The main difficulty in using the Schwarz–Christoffel formula lies in determining these parameters. If this difficulty can be overcome in some effective way, then the Schwarz–Christoffel formula expands the range of conformally mapped regions so much that it can be considered “universal”, given that the curvilinear boundary of the mapped region can be approximated by a broken line. Thus, together with the Schwarz–Christoffel formula, a new direction in the theory of functions arises - numerical methods of conformal mapping. However, these approximate numerical methods were developed independently of the Schwarz–Christoffel formula.


And yet, it has still not been possible to create a single simple and at the same time effective method for displaying any predetermined area.

Among the wide variety of proposed numerical conformal mapping methods, it is evident that they can be categorized into three groups: the boundary variation method, the trigonometric interpolation method, and the method by P.P. Kufarev and his developments [1-5].

Methods that involve varying the boundary of a region include the approach developed by P.F. Filchakov, which is based on a series of successive and appropriately selected elementary mappings. Therefore, it is natural to refer to this method as the method of successive conformal mappings or the exhaustion method.


This method is detailed in [6-8], where applications related to the theory of filtration and groundwater flow beneath dams are also presented. Consider the following example, in which we need to map an infinite region (Z0) onto the upper half-plane (W). This region (Z0) also resides in the upper half-plane and is bounded below by a given contour. To achieve this, in the area where the contour of the region (Z0) deviates the most from the real axis, we introduce an arc approximating an ellipse and associate a segment of the real axis with its boundary. Figure 1 illustrates the outcome obtained using the ellipse mapping formulas (1.1).

As illustrated in Figure 1, when an ellipse is mapped onto the upper half-plane, its boundary coincides with the real axis, and the contour of the region Z0 approaches the real axis more closely. At this point, the contour resides within the Z1 half-plane. By continuing the initial constructions for this region, we obtain a new approximation, and so forth. Implementing the ellipse mapping itself is most conveniently done in two successive stages, as per the following formulas:

t= z 0 + z 0 2 a 2 + b 2 a+b ,           z 1 = a 1 + b 1 2 t+ a 1 + b 1 2t          (1.1) MathType@MTEF@5@5@+=feaaguart1ev2aaatCvAUfeBSjuyZL2yd9gzLbvyNv2CaerbuLwBLnhiov2DGi1BTfMBaeXatLxBI9gBaerbd9wDYLwzYbItLDharqqtubsr4rNCHbGeaGqipv0Je9sqqrpepC0xbbL8F4rqqrFfpeea0xe9Lq=Jc9vqaqpepm0xbba9pwe9Q8fs0=yqaqpepae9pg0FirpepeKkFr0xfr=xfr=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@75CA@

The first equation in (1.1) defines the mapping from the exterior of an ellipse with given half-planes a and b to the exterior of a unit-radius circle. The second equation maps the exterior of a unit-radius circle to the exterior of another ellipse with half-planes a1 and b1. Additionally, the final ellipse can be degenerate, in which case one of the half-planes becomes zero, i.e., b1 = 0. In such instances, to maintain the normalization to infinity (Z0Z1), it is necessary to set a1 = a + b or the value of the second half-axis.


Furthermore, it's worth noting the following properties of elliptic mappings:

Property 1: Points in the Zn plane located on the half-ellipse and the real axis are mapped to points on the real axis in the Zn+1 plane.

Property 2: For all points in the half-planes Zn and Zn+1, the following inequalities hold: | xn+1 + 1| > | xn | and | yn+1| < | yn |.

By virtue of these observed properties, a sequence of elliptic mappings is capable of transferring any simply connected and univalent region in the Z plane to the upper half-plane W with any desired level of accuracy.

The development and modernization of conformal imaging are required for use in conformal mapping, electrostatics for calculating the distribution of electric fields, and continuum mechanics (hydraulic and aeromechanics, gas dynamics, theory of elasticity, theory of plasticity, etc.). Currently, the development of computational methods has led to the creation of compact models. matrix calculation technologies may be preferable for engineering use.

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  2. Radygin VM, Polansky IS, Modified method of successive conformal mappings of polygonal domains, Vestnik TSU, Mathematics and Mechanics. 2016: 1(39):25-35.
  3. Kolesnikov IA. On the problem of determining parameters in the Schwarz equation. Problemy Analiza – Issues of Analysis. 2018; 7(25).
  4. Gutlyanskii VY. On conformal mapping of polygonal regions. VY Gutlyanskii, AO Zaidan. Ukrainian Mathematical Journal. 1993; 45:11; 1669-1680.
  5. Banjai L. A multipole method for Schwarz-Christoffel mapping of polygons with thousands of sides. L Banjai, LN Trefethen. SIAM Journal on Scientific Computing. 2003; 25:3; 1042-1065.
  6. Jambaa S, Kasatkina TV, Bubenchikov AM. Application of the method of PP Kufarev to the solution of the problem of groundwater movement under hydraulic engineering structures. Vestnik TSU. Mathematics and Mechanics. UDC. Tomsk, Russia. 2017; 517:54; 47:15-21.
  7. Filchakov PF. Approximate methods of conformal mappings. Filchakov PF. Kyiv: Nauka Dumka. 1964; 530.
  8. Filchakov PF. Numerical and graphic methods of applied mathematics. Filchakov PF. Kyiv: Nauka Dumka. 1970; 745.

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