Shinji Makino* and Kozue Hozawa
Department of Ophthalmology, Jichi Medical University, Japan
Received: September 01, 2014; Accepted: September 06, 2014; Published: September 08, 2014
Shinji Makino, MD, Shimotsuke, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Tochigi 329-0498, Japan, Tel: +81-285-58-7382; Fax: +81-285-44-8365; Email:
Makino S, Hozawa K (2014) Conjunctival Pyogenic Granuloma after Strabismus Surgery. Imaging J Clin Med Sciences 1(2): 013. DOI: 10.17352/2455-8702.000009
© 2014 Makino S, et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
A 48-year-old man presented with exotropia of his left eye. The alternative prism cover test demonstrated there was 60 prism diopter exotropia. A 9 mm lateral rectus muscle recession and a 7 mm medial rectus muscle resection were performed in his left eye. Approximately one month later, a polypoid, red, smooth-surfaced mass arose from the area overlying the original insertion of lateral rectus muscle (Figure 1A). We diagnosed this mass as pyogenic granuloma. One month after administration with topical corticosteroid drops, this mass was completely resolved (Figure 1B). There was no recurrence during the 2 years after surgery.
Conjunctival pyogenic granulomas are a potential complication of strabismus surgery [1,2]. Espinoza and Lueder  reported that conjunctival pyogenic granulomas developed in 2.1% of patients after strabismus surgery. According to their report, the majority of cases underwent a conjunctival incision 8 mm from the limbus. Although the present case underwent a limbal incision, en bloc recession with Tenon capsule and lateral rectus muscle was required because of large amount recession. Therefore the sclera had to be bared at the end of surgery. We speculate that pyogenic granuloma might be developed from the above bared sclera (Figure 1B, arrows).
Conservative management with topical corticosteroids is usually successful, with surgical excision being effective in those patients whose lesions do not resolve with topical medication. Furthermore, appropriate conjunctival suture should be recommended to prevent pyogenic granuloma.