Open Access Research Article Article ID: AHR-7-129

    Seroprevalence and associated risk factors for Hepatitis B Virus infections among apparently healthy pregnant mothers attending Anc in Rubkona primary health care center in Rubkona County, Unity State, South Sudan

    Michael Pou Machar* and Dube Jara

    Background: Hepatitis B is an infection caused by the Hepatitis B Virus (HBV), which is enveloped DNA virus that infects the liver, and the common complications are; cirrhosis, liver cancer and rest of organs failure.

    Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted among 234 pregnant women attending antenatal Clinic in Rubkona primary Health care center in Rubkona County, South Sudan from March 1 to July 29. Data were collected using pretested interviewer administered questionnaire. Blood was withdrawn from each study participants and used to detect hepatitis B surface Antigen using an enzyme linked immune-sorbent assay test kit. Bivariate logistic regression was carried out to identify the predictors associated with HBV infection. All variables with p-value of ≤ 0.25 in bivariate logistic regression were taken into multivariable model. Variables having p value ≤ 0.05 in the multivariate analysis were taken as significant predictors. 

    Objectives: To assess the sero-prevalence Hepatitis B surface antigen and its associated factors among pregnant women attending Rubkona Primary Health Care Centre (South Sudan). 

    Result: The overall Sero-prevalence of HBV infection was, 16 (6.8%), 95% CI; 3.8-10.3). Having history jaundice AOR= 10.91:95%CI (2.6-45.2)], abortion history, [AOR= 5.5: 95%CI (1.5-23.5)] and history multiple sexual partner [(AOR= 9.5:95%CI (2.3-39.7)]. Were found to be associated factors of sero-prevalence of HBV infection.

    Conclusion: Hepatitis B is identified to be a major health problem in this community. According to WHO classification, the prevalence of HBV infection in this study area can be categorized as moderate prevalence (2–7%). Abortion and history multiple sexual partners found to be the risk factor associated with HBV infection. 


    Published on: Mar 5, 2021 Pages: 4-13

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/ahr.000029
    CrossMark Publons Harvard Library HOLLIS Search IT Semantic Scholar Get Citation Base Search Scilit OAI-PMH ResearchGate Academic Microsoft GrowKudos Universite de Paris UW Libraries SJSU King Library SJSU King Library NUS Library McGill DET KGL BIBLiOTEK JCU Discovery Universidad De Lima WorldCat VU on WorldCat


    Case Reports

    Pinterest on AHR

    Help ? Google Reviews 11