Open Access Research Article Article ID: APT-2-106

    Deficits of Executive Functioning in Conduct Disorder and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder

    Hassan Shahrokhi, Mehdi Tehrani- Doost, Zahra Shahrivar, Sara Farhang and Shahrokh Amiri*

    Background: To investigates executive functioning in Conduct disorder with comorbid ADHD.

    Methods: Participants were adolescent males with ADHD, CD with comorbid ADHD and healthy controls. Executive functioning were assessed using Go/No go task, Iowa gambling test and selected tests from CANTAB.

    Results: During the SWM test, CD+ADHD group had the tendency to revisit boxes with a token compared to controls. CD+ADHD patients had a significantly higher total error compared to controls in ID/ ED set shift. They also needed more moves in SOC compared to controls and solved a signifi antly lower number of problems compared to ADHDs and controls. They had a lower delay time for choosing risky cards of Iowa.

    Conclusion: CD+ADHD is associated with a broad range of defi cits in executive functioning, compared to healthy controls as well as group with ADHD. ADHD group seem to have an intermediate performance compared to CD+ADHD and control groups in several measures.

    Keywords: Adolescent; Conduct disorder; Executive function; Attention dficit hyperactivity disorder; Neuropsychological tests

    Published on: Apr 8, 2017 Pages: 13-20

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/apt.000006
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