Open Access Research Article Article ID: IJOCS-2-116

    Root Canal Disinfection Potential of 5.25% Sodium Hypochlorite, 2% Chlorhexidine and 810nm Diode Laser-A Comparative In vitro Antimicrobial Study

    Amit Arvind Agrawal*, Swapnil Kolhe, Amit Sope, Dinesh Erlewad

    Background: The eradication of persisting bacteria, such as Enterococcus faecalis, is crucial for the long-term preservation of the endodontically treated tooth.

    Context and Purpose of the study: The aim of this research was to evaluate and compare the root canal disinfection potential of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite, 2% chlorhexidine gluconate and 810nm diode laser against control.

    Results: Adjunctive use of chemical disinfection by either 5.25% sodium hypochlorite or 2% chlorhexidine led to 100% microbial eradication as against diode laser which achieved 97.7% reduction as compared to baseline microbial count and 68.42% reduction after mechanical cleaning at the same dilutions.

    Main findings: Chemicals used in the study achieved greater disinfection than diode laser irradiation.

    Conclusions: 5.25% sodium hypochlorite or 2% chlorhexidine can be efficiently used as an adjuvant to mechanical root canal cleaning.

    Brief summary: A total of 20 extracted teeth, sectioned at cement-enamel junction, were divided into four groups of five teeth each. Control group: mechanical cleaning only; three test groups: mechanical cleaning followed by disinfection with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite or 2% chlorhexidine or 810nm diode laser. Pre and Post treatment microbial samples were collected and cultured.

    Potential Implications: A thorough mechanical instrumentation is crucial for success of any endodontic therapy and chemical or laser irradiation will only be helpful as an adjuvant.

    Keywords: Root canal disinfection; Sodium hypochlorite; Chlorhexidine; Diode laser; Enterococcus fecalis

    Published on: May 13, 2016 Pages: 35-38

    Full Text PDF Full Text HTML DOI: 10.17352/2455-4634.000016
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